Water shortage- what, why oh how?
Water is our first necessity in life. And that is the reason why water shortage is such a serious global challenge. Every continent is somehow affected and not just those regions that are traditionally dry. It already affects around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year. And by 2050, half of the world’s population is expected to be affected.
70% of the Earth is covered with water and that seems a lot, but, what is important, that only 2.5-3% of this water is fresh (rest of it is salty and ocean-based). But, what we need to add is that even of that 3% fresh water, two-thirds is trapped in glaciers and snow fields and is not available for our use. So only 1% of water is available for human needs and to feed the entire population on this planet. As a result, fresh water – the water that we drink, take bath is rare and makes up a very small fraction of all water on the planet. The global problem of water shortage needs to be highlighted and re-emphasized, everyone should be aware of this and do their part to responsibly save water, even in areas where it is perceived that there are already enough supplies of water.
What is a water shortage?
Water shortages are also known as – water scarcity, water stress, water crisis. If we try to explain it wildly, it is a lack of necessary resources to meet current needs. It means the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage. Apart from the lack of resources, there is difficulty in obtaining access to fresh water, further deterioration of existing resources occurs like a food we cannot grow without the water.
Why there is a water shortage?
Our demand (often excess and unnecessary) has raised and they outstrip available and scare resources, our consumption is unsustainable and increase pollution, and because of the industrial processes water is overused. We live too non-sustainable life- leaving taps running when water is not needed and needs to be stopped. We are not smart with management of existing water resources, using excess supplies (do not divert resources). And of course, pollution remains one of the biggest problems, companies illegally dump chemicals and oils into water systems. But there are so many reasons which causes government, company, and of course our bad choices.
What is effects and consequences of water shortage?
To understand how important and serious the problem with water shortage is, it is incumbent to highlight some of many effects and consequences of this. People have affected – all across the broad have imposed water restrictions, for many communities it is hard to reach potable water systems, water tariffs, prices increased, diseases are some consequences of lack of access to clean water, even lack of education and access to all other areas of life has also been added as serve consequences to not having access to water. Nature is affected by increased fire hazards, polluted rivers and lakes harmed ecosystems, over-pollution, extensive ice glaciers melting. And, of course, farmers are unable to produce vital crops, because of lack of water.
What are affects and consequences of water shortage?
There is always solutions to our problems, that’s a good news right? And that is easy and even obvious – the less water is used, the more is saved. The two most important ways it, firstly, sustainable home living, which means short showers, switch the water while brushing teeth, recycle used water as much as possible. Secondly, smarter industrial processes is required, which means, more strict regulation, organic consumption needs to be encouraged and prioritized. Also, more sustainable farming practices need to be encouraged. And last, but not least, clean water initiatives and other active role players need to be supported and funded, taking advantage of improved and advanced technologies is required.
Most important is to understand that we still can do something about it and there are solutions to the problem of water shortage, it all starts with you and your everyday choices.